August 2017 | Paul R. Jepson, Ben Caldecott, Suzanne F. Schmitt, Sergio H.C. Carvalho, Ricardo A. Correia, Norah Gamarra, Chiara Bragagnolo, Ana C.M. Malhado, Richard J. Ladle | Biological Conservation, 212(A): 183-190.
Protected areas (PAs) are the main strategy to conserve natural values and reduce biodiversity loss. However, with increasing global food requirements, using land for protecting landscapes and species is becoming increasingly difficult to justify. Here, we argue that framing PAs as spatial assets provides an ideal platform for generating investment and increasing their political/cultural resilience. Specifically, we define and characterize PAs in terms of their biophysical, human, infrastructure, institutional and cultural assets, making explicit the forms of value they create and for whom, and identifying types of investment needed to generate value in the medium and long term. These assets can be protected, managed and/or invested in to generate (monetizable and non-monetizable) forms of value. They can also be at risk from a variety of factors. Building on contemporary conservation policy, our asset framework provides an innovative approach to the development and management of PAs in the 21st Century.
23 May 2016 | Georgina Chandler, Mari Mulyani, Susanne Schmitt, Paul R. Jepson | Discussion Paper
Meeting the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) will require integrated land-use planning so that synergies and trade-offs can be identified between the needs of economy, society, and the environment. A National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI) is a prerequisite for this, yet comparative knowledge on the quality of different country's NSDIs is lacking. This discussion paper explains how this could be resolved through the deployment of a new NSDI index. This could have profound implications for the quality of environment and development planning, as well as the delivery of the SDGs, especially those relating to accountable and inclusive institutions (SDG 16) and reducing the opportunities for corruption (SDG 16.5).
Protected areas (PAs) are a large and growing asset class with unique legal and social characteristics. This report sets out a new asset framework for PAs, that involves new typologies for assets, investments, value creation, value capture, and risk management. This new framework could help PAs to generate more value, attract new investment, and better manage the risks that could strand PA assets. The new asset framework also represents a heuristic tool that can help underpin the case for new investment in PAs. In the report, we apply the framework to case studies in Brazil and Tanzania, conduct a systematic meta-analysis of the literature on PA value creation, undertake a preliminary assessment of the state of investments into PAs, and review current and emerging risks facing PAs.
Protected areas (PAs) are a large and growing asset class with unique legal and social characteristics. This discussion paper provides an update on the development of a new asset framework for PAs, that involves new typologies for investment, situated assets, forms of value, value capture, and risk. This new framework could help PAs to generate more value, attract new investment, and better manage risks that could strand PA assets.